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 Table of Contents  
ORAL PRESENTATIONS
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 97-98

Cervical cancer screening program: A review of 10 year activities of MWAN Akwa Ibom State



Date of Web Publication30-Jun-2021

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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How to cite this article:
Akwaowo C D, Ekanem U S, Eyo K S, Abraham E A, Ekanem M, Mkpang E E, Ikpe M N, Mbat E A, Obot V O. Cervical cancer screening program: A review of 10 year activities of MWAN Akwa Ibom State. J Med Womens Assoc Niger 2021;6:97-8

How to cite this URL:
Akwaowo C D, Ekanem U S, Eyo K S, Abraham E A, Ekanem M, Mkpang E E, Ikpe M N, Mbat E A, Obot V O. Cervical cancer screening program: A review of 10 year activities of MWAN Akwa Ibom State. J Med Womens Assoc Niger [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Sep 20];6:97-8. Available from: http://www.jmwan.org/text.asp?2021/6/1/97/319849


  Background/Introduction Top


Medical Women's Association of Nigeria (MWAN) in AKS was established in 1992. The association has been conducting cancer screening for women living in the State, since as a pet project. Screening is conducted monthly on the second Tuesday of every month. In 2007, a structured questionnaire was introduced to guide screening for breast and cervical cancers.


  Aim Top


This paper presents a review of the screening for cervical cancer for the years 2008 to 2017. Specific Objectives: To describe the socio-demographic characteristics of women who attended the routine cancer screening between 2008 and 2017, to determine the proportion of women with positive and/or suspicious VIA who required further screening for cervical cancer and also to assess the factors associated with positive and suspicious VIA results among those screened for cervical cancer.
Table 1: Socio-demographic Characteristics

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  Method Top


Using a structured questionnaire, socio-demographic characteristics were elicited, routine cervical cancer screening was conducted by physicians trained using the Visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA). The data was analysed using STATA version 20.


  Result Top


A total of 1526 women were screened during the period. Their mean age was 40.8+ 10 years, mean age at sexual debut 19.8+3.6,14.8% of them had been screened previously. Only 1.8% of the women had positive VIA result. 4.4% of them required further cervical cancer screening.
Table 2: Outcome of VIA

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Table 3: Factors associated with suspicious VIA results

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  Conclusion Top


<5% of women required further screening for cervical cancer by PAP smear. VIA remains a good method for screening of women for cervical cancer considering the cost of PAP smear. In the absence of a well-structured population-based cancer screening program in AKS, CBOs such as MWAN can provide satisfactory cancer screening services. However, the state government should support such programs



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3]



 

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