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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 89-90

Knowledge, attitude and practice of menstrual hygiene amongst female secondary school students in Kaduna State

Date of Web Publication30-Jun-2021

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How to cite this article:
. Knowledge, attitude and practice of menstrual hygiene amongst female secondary school students in Kaduna State. J Med Womens Assoc Niger 2021;6:89-90

How to cite this URL:
. Knowledge, attitude and practice of menstrual hygiene amongst female secondary school students in Kaduna State. J Med Womens Assoc Niger [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Dec 6];6:89-90. Available from: http://www.jmwan.org/text.asp?2021/6/1/89/319857


Popoola Margaet O., MBBS, MPH Popoola Olayinka B., MBBS, FMCS, Mohammed Bello, FWACS, Anisa Abubakar, FWACS Jimoh Aminat O., MBBS


Dr. Azeezat Bakare

  Outline Top








  Introduction Top

Menstruation is a normal biological process and a key sign of reproductive health, yet in many cultures it is treated as something negative, shameful or dirty. Effective menstruation hygiene is vital to health, well-being, dignity, empowerment, mobility and productivity of women and girls.

  Background Top

Menstruation and some of its attendant troubles have been found to be one of the major problems that affects the girl child's education negatively. It accounts for significant out of school days and may predispose her to poor performance in school.

  Aim Top

To determine if the girl child was adequately prepared for menarche and to assess the level of her knowledge on the importance of good menstrual hygiene.

  Method Top

Simple random sampling of secondary school students in Zaria and Kaduna metropolis through the administration of a questionnaire. Data analysis would be done bt SPSS Version 20.

  Results Top

Respondents were 293 giving us a response rate of 96%, mean age was 11.8 ± 2.9 SD. Majority (47.1%) were JSS 1 students, 23.2% were in JSS 2, while the remaining were distributed as follows 19.8% in JSS 3, 5.1% in SS 3, 2.4% in SS 1 and 3% in SS 2.

Though all 293(100%) of them said they knew what puberty was only 88(30%) of them were sure that it was a period of sexual development.

At the time of this study 112(38.2%) of the respondents had started menstruating, 49(16.7%) started menstruating at the age of 12, followed closely by 31(12.6%) at the age of 11 and 10(3.4%) at the age of 10.

Attaining menarche was a confusing experience for 58(19.8%) of the respondents, It was frightening for 37(12.6%) while 17(5.8%) were embarrassed. 0nly 121(41%) of the respondents had received some counseling about menstruation before the onset of menarche and of this number, majority 98(33.4%) of them were counseled by their mothers.

116(39.6%) of the respondents said sanitary pads are best for good menstrual hygiene, 30(10.2%) said clean rag, 20(6.8%) said tissue paper and 7(2.4%) were in favor of tampons. Majority 247(84.3%) of the respondents agreed that good menstrual hygiene makes one confident despite the flow and prevents genital infection.

  Discussion Top

To help the girl child tackle some of these problems, the Menstrual Hygiene Day (MHD or MH Day) is an annual awareness day that aims to break taboos and raise awareness about the importance of good menstrual hygiene management for women and adolescent girls worldwide. May 28th is the day set aside as Menstrual hygiene day, it was initiated by German based NGO WASH United in 2014. This initiative has received the support of over 270 global partners who are committed to making good menstrual health and hygiene a priority worldwide.

This study brought to the fore the fact that the needs of the Nigerian girl child are not different from those of her contemporaries worldwide.

  Conclusion Top

Though a good number of the respondents had some form of counseling before menarche, I was none the less confusing, frightening and thoroughly embarrassing for all the girls that have experienced it. This calls for the need of ore interaction with the girl child, adequate briefing on what to expect at menarche and the benefits of maintaining good menstrual hygiene.


  References Top

UNICEF, Columbia University (2012). WASH in School- Empower Girl's Education- Proceedings of Menstrual Hygiene.  Back to cited text no. 1
Imran, Myra 29 May 2015. World Menstrual Hygiene Day Observed. The International News.  Back to cited text no. 2
WASH United, Menstrual Hygiene Management www.wash-united.org>issuees>articles.  Back to cited text no. 3


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